Leveraged Frameworks

In addition to the standards with which IRIS has formal linkages, the catalog was built with shared expertise from dozens of other organizations and standards. These leveraged frameworks provided metrics, definitions, and usage guidance for the IRIS Catalog. See more below:

  • Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development

    The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) operates with the support of 34 member nations, providing a platform for nations to collaborate toward improving the economic and social well-being of their citizens. OECD nations, who work in partnership to encourage economic development and world trade, represent 80% of global trade and investment. Through the collection and aggregation of country-level data (over five billion data points, to date), OECD deploys its extensive indicator set to model and compare the citizen well-being in nations across the globe. The IRIS catalog uses OECD definitions for several terms related to sustainable business practices and inclusive finance and several IRIS metrics were created with OECD indicators as the foundation. 

  • International Labor Organization

    The International Labor Organization (ILO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations, devoted to researching and promoting international labor rights. As part of their work, the ILO develops labor standards backed by a supervisory body in each member nation, and works with those bodies to ensure nations are meeting those standards across the globe. The ILO is also the steward of several standards that measure the labor market at a national level, the most prominent of which, the Key Indicators of the Labor Market (KILM), aims to provide a foundation for addressing critical challenges in developing productive employment and decent work, for all nations. ILO's standards and definitions formed a baseline on top of which IRIS's labor and employment metrics were built.

  • International Union for the Conservation of Nature

    With more than 1,200 government organizations and NGOs, and roughly 11,000 volunteer scientists, the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN) aims to demonstrate the importance of biodiversity in solving many of the world's greatest problems - food insecurity, climate change, water conservation, and more. IUCN seeks to impact the work of governments and businesses, and to mobilize public support for biodiversity conservation. IUCN leverages considerable scientific research to inform its work, and in collecting aggregate data from more than 160 countries, has developed and managed numerous standards and indicator sets. Many of these standards served as a baseline for the development of IRIS's conservation metrics.

  • United Sates Environmental Protection Agency

    The United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is the agency of the US government tasked with protecting ecosystems and human health by enforcing policy set forth by Congress. In enforcing regulations, the EPA sets standards - for emissions, pollution, air quality, chemical exposure, and more - and identifies indicators of ecosystem health, collecting data annually for the Report on the Environment (ROE). In addition to providing definitions for IRIS's glossary, the EPA indicators and standards guided the development of many of IRIS's environmental metrics - particularly those related to emissions and pollution mitigation.

  • Consultative Group to Assist the Poor

    The Consultative Group to Assist the Poor (CGAP) brings together 34 leading organizations - primarily development banks and foundations - with the goal of advancing financial inclusion across the globe. CGAP performs research with the goal of advancing investment in microfinance and actively engages policy-makers and financial service providers to pilot and scale innovative approaches. As part of this work, CGAP surveys international funders each year to better understand cross-border funding to microfinance, and to help funders identify gaps in capital deployment, and to mobilize to fill those gaps. CGAP also develops methodologies for measuring the impact of inclusive finance, on micro- and macro- levels. IRIS leveraged CGAP's research in developing metrics to measure outputs of financial services - both microfinance and micro insurance, and sourced definitions of inclusive finance terms for the glossary.

  • World Resources Institute

    The World Resources Institute (WRI) is a global think-tank focused on creating equitable and resilient communities through the sustainable management of natural resources. They are independently run and managed, and staffed by more than 450 scientists, researchers, business experts, and policy analysts across 50 nations. WRI develops and manages a number of standards including the Climate Analysis Indicators Tool (CAIT), which presents comprehensive data sets across a range of environmental indicators, standardizing the reporting of those indicators across 186 countries and all U.S. States. IRIS utilized CAIT and other WRI frameworks in the development of climate- and environment-related indicators, and in sourcing definitions for the IRIS glossary. 

  • World Health Organization - Indicator and Metric Registry

    The World Health Organization’s (WHO) Indicator and Measurement Registry (IMR) is a global indicator standard established by the Information, Evidence, and Research (IER) Cluster of the WHO. Consisting of more than 1000 indicators, the IMR is a centralized registry, allowing WHO and partner organizations to standardize and consistently report impact across health-related projects and programs. The IMR is built on top of, and incorporates international standards such as the SDMX Metadata Common Vocabulary (MCV), ZDMX-HD, ISO 11179 (Metadata Registry), Data Documentation Timeline (DDI), and the Dublin Core (DCMES). The IRIS catalog has a number of alignments with WHO's IMR, within their "Health System Resources" classification, especially around healthcare facilities and personnel. 

  • United States Green Building Council – Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design

    LEED, or Leadership in Energy & Environmental Design, is a green building certification program that recognizes best-in-class building strategies and practices.  Co-managed by the Green Building Certification Institute and the U.S. Green Building Council, LEED standards are a rigorous series of environmental performance standards- for building construction/design, interior construction/design, building operations/maintenance, neighborhood development, and home construction. LEED’s certification system became the foundation for several IRIS environmental performance metrics, including Green Building Practices (OI6765).  

  • International Financial Reporting Standard

    The International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) are intended to be a common global language for reporting business performance across languages and international boundaries. IFRS brings transparency by enhancing international comparability, accountability by reducing the information gap between asset owners and asset managers, and efficiency to help asset owners evaluate and compare deals. The IFRS catalog was the foundation for most of IRIS's financial performance reporting metrics, and provided definitional support to the IRIS catalog glossary. 

  • Greenhouse Gas Protocol

    The Greenhouse Gas Protocol is the world’s most widely used greenhouse gas reporting standard, providing a framework for businesses, governments, and other entities to measure and report their greenhouse gas emissions in ways that support their mission and goals. Co-owned by the World Resources Institute (WRI) and the World Business Council for Sustainable Development (WBCSD), the GHG Protocol is working with businesses, governments, and environmental groups around the world to build a generation of credible and effective programs for tackling climate change. The GHG protocol forms the foundation for IRIS’s Greenhouse Gas metrics, both by aligning with several, and by providing usage guidance and support in measuring GHG Emissions for reporting organizations.